All you ever need to know about Type-1 and Type-2 Diabetes

All you ever need to know about Type-1 and Type-2 Diabetes

Generally, you may think that diabetes is all about refraining from sugar. That’s all. So, if you have diabetes, you must keep off your favourite cookies or ice cream and that’s that. You can manage it and live a normal life if you sacrifice these. Most your friends and family will also not change this

Generally, you may think that diabetes is all about refraining from sugar. That’s all. So, if you have diabetes, you must keep off your favourite cookies or ice cream and that’s that. You can manage it and live a normal life if you sacrifice these. Most your friends and family will also not change this mindset even if you provide information to the contrary.  Moreover, any understanding about “Type 1” and “Type 2,” diabetes even among the knowledgeable is confined to the age variables — Type 1 is diabetes for young, Type 2 is for people post-30. Or, perhaps recently, Type 2 diabetes is spawned by obesity, while Type 1 is for young people.

The following article will clarify these distinctions for all:

Are you unsure which type of diabetes you have?

As a writer pointed out, it’s awful that we give the similar names to two illnesses that are so diametrically different, as the mechanisms for how they function, and the course of regimen for how we treat them, are altogether different. So here is the lowdown on Type 1 diabetes, with Type 2 diabetes that anyone can discern, is vastly different:

Type 1 diabetes is the consequence of a breakdown or malfunctioning of immune system. A virus travels through our body, typically without us ever knowing. Our immune system energetically attacks these “alien cells” to kill them off and the virus is crushed. But then problem arises, as our immune system make “inefficiently sloppy” antibodies and those confuse our own beta cells for outside virus cells. The beta cells, in your pancreas, thus are destroyed and cannot deliver insulin. What’s more, without insulin, we can’t handle or process sugar. Insulin is a hormone that travels through the blood, enabling sugar to be piggybacked into our cells for delivering life supporting vitality & energy. Without insulin, the sugar basically stays in the blood, and our “blood glucose” (what amount glucose milligrams per every decilitre of blood) rises dramatically until we lose consciousness.

What’s more, we can’t simply maintain a strategic distance from foods with sugar to take care of this issue, for two implicit reasons. One, our cells live on the glucose conveyed to them, so if there is no insulin in our blood; our cells will in the long run starve to death, turning you into a zombie, to put it mildly. Also, second, most of our food is ultimately processed into blood glucose. So even if you don’t directly eat sugar, an apple or a large portion of a measure of safer, organic, darker rice, it may deliver around 30 grams of sugars. In any case, they will all be converted over into glucose- even proteins are conveyed to our cells.

Returning to internal workings of Type 1, we now observe what happens to bring about the sickness.

  1. Our own immune system erroneously kills off the insulin-delivering beta cells
  2. the absence of insulin means sugar can’t move from our blood into our cells, implying that our cells have no means of getting life-maintaining glucose
  3. the balance in blood and critically relating to energy is lost, pushing us in the long run to loss of consciousness. So now, we need to begin injecting artificially manufactured insulin to keep our blood glucose as close to normal and to get that glucose into our cells!

Alongside this human engineered insulin comes an entire host of new problems! We now need to accurately ascertain how much insulin we inject to coordinate with the amount of carbohydrates in our food intake by means of a “sliding scale” (illustration — taking 1 unit of insulin for each 15 grams of sugar in the food intake). On the off chance that we misjudge and inject an excessive amount of insulin, your blood glucose will fall too low a while later, and we should adjust it by ingesting rapid action sugar, lime juice, sweets, or glucose tablets adding to the complexities!

How type 2 diabetes develops?

Type 2 diabetes is different. The autoimmune systems of people with type 2 diabetes don’t attack beta cells. Instead, type 2 diabetes occurs when your body cannot respond to insulin. This is known as insulin resistance. The body compensates for the ineffectiveness of its insulin by producing more, but it can’t always produce enough. Over a longer period, the effort borne by the beta cells due to this overcompensation can stymie or destroy them, thus further diminishing insulin production, to characterise it as the same disease!

Vinay Dubey
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